Monologe op. 63

Twelve Pieces for organ

Content
  • No. 1 Präludium c-Moll
  • No. 2 Fuge C-Dur
  • No. 3 Canzone g-Moll
  • No. 4 Capriccio a-Moll
  • No. 5 Introduction
  • No. 6 Passacaglia f-Moll
  • No. 7 Ave Maria!
  • No. 8 Fantasie C-Dur
  • No. 9 Toccata e-Moll
  • No. 10 Fuge e-Moll
  • No. 11 Canon D-Dur
  • No. 12 Scherzo d-Moll
Creation
Status
Dedication
Heft 1: Herrn Prof. Dr. Hermann Dettmer zugeeignet«; Heft 2: Herrn Robert Frenzel zugeeignet«; Heft 3: Herrn Richard Jung zugeeignet

Performance medium
Organ

Work collection
  • -
Original work
  • -
Versions
  • -

1.

Reger-Werkausgabe Bd. I/5: Orgelstücke I, S. 118–203.
Herausgeber Alexander Becker, Christopher Grafschmidt, Stefan König, Stefanie Steiner-Grage.
Verlag Carus-Verlag, Stuttgart; Verlagsnummer: CV 52.805.
Erscheinungsdatum Februar 2014.
Notensatz Carus-Verlag, Stuttgart.
Copyright 2014 by Carus-Verlag, Stuttgart and Max-Reger-Institut, Karlsruhe – CV 52.805.
Vervielfältigungen jeglicher Art sind gesetzlich verboten. / Any unauthorized reproduction is prohibited by law.
Alle Rechte vorbehalten. / All rights reserved.
ISMN M-007-14293-3.
ISBN 978-3-89948-206-5.

1. Composition

Through an introduction from the organist and reviewer Alexander Wilhelm Gottschalg, in August 1901 Reger came in contact with Constantin Sander, the owner of the publisher F.E.C. Leuckart in Leipzig. Sander firstly asked Reger for “an organ work” (letter to Gottschalg), but soon after, seemed to be interested in a more long-term collaboration. Thus Reger wrote to Adalbert Lindner on 21 October: “Leuckhardt would like to have a number of things – I can help him.” (Letter) After moving to Munich at the beginning of September and immediately throwing himself into musical life there, Reger firstly wrote the II. Sonata in D minor op. 60 in November/December for Leuckart, and in addition, announced to Lindner at the beginning of December shorter pieces à la op 59 (letter).

The compositional process itself is not documented, and only on 22 April 1902, as the completion of writing out a fair copy of the work was imminent, was a collection mentioned for the first time: “op 63 ‘Monologe’1 12 Pieces for Organ (56 pages) go to the publisher Leuckart in 8 days.” (Postcard to Theodor Kroyer) Reger submitted the manuscript on 29 April.2

2. Publication

On 11 June 1902 Reger informed Hermann Dettmer that he was just working on the printers’ proofs of the first volume, which was dedicated to him: “[…] now I’m searching for mistakes in the engraving”. (Postcard) A week later he was able to inform his future wife Elsa von Bercken: “Thank God I have dealt with all my proofs – but it won’t last long – then even more will arrive! O my darling, it’s a terrible task! It’s completely soul-destroying; 8 hours in succession – you feel totally exhausted! And despite this, I am sure that some misprints will remain!” (Letter dated 18 June)3

To Reger’s evident surprise, as the correction process for the work was not yet complete, on 23 June he received a second set of proofs from the publisher.4 On 30 June, after working on these, he again confided in his fiancée Elsa Reger: “Why I had to go through the proofs again – because there were so many mistakes in the first proofs – and then a second set had to be made! I myself have already dealt with these & returned them!” (Letter) From these second proofs, a double-sided high quality proof copy was also made, possibly for an organist friend,5 from which the sheets of the third volume have survived.

In mid-August the Monologe were announced as a new publication (see Verlagsankündigung) and on 10 September Reger had to confess to Walter Fischer that he had no more author’s copies (see letter). Yet the sales figures do not seem to have satisfied the publisher. Reger reported to Karl Straube about this on 8 December: “Sander (Leuckart), who has been described to me by others as a real ‘skinflint’, wrote one of those cards of complaint to me again today, saying that the demand for op. 60 & 63 is constantly on the decline!” (Letter) The publishing relationship came to a standstill as a result, and was only revived for a short period in 1907/08 with the Two Sacred Songs op. 105.

3.

Translation by Elizabeth Robinson.


1
The unusual title Monologe for a collection of Twelve Pieces for Organ is also found with Josef Rheinberger’s op. 162 of 1890. However, there is no explicit reference to Rheinberger, whom Reger met shortly before the latter’s death on 25 November 1901 in Munich and to whom he had dedicated his Fantasia and Fugue on B-A-C-H op. 46.
2
See Postbuch 1, fol. 9.
3
The proofs of other larger works which were to be published between August and October 1902 were only returned to the publishers by Reger later: Six Burlesques for piano op. 58 (Bartholf Senff) on 14 July, Twelve Pieces for organ op. 65 (C.F. Peters) on 18 (Vol. 1) and 31 July (Vol. 2), Twelve Songs op. 66 (Lauterbach & Kuhn) on 24 September (see RWV). Therefore this communication may firstly relate to op. 63.
4
“And just imagine, the corrections which I sent back last week after looking through them, will come back again today – now I have to do the work once more – it is the worst work which there is!” (Letter dated 23 June 1902 to Elsa von Bercken).
5
The comparatively few differences between the surviving high quality proof copy and the first printed edition are an indication that this was produced from the second proofs (see Kritischer Bericht, Opus 63, Evaluation of the sources). The sets of proofs themselves are missing.

1. Reception

Reger’s suggestion of again publishing “shorter pieces à la op 59” with the Monologe (letter to Adalbert Lindner), was gratefully seized upon by the publisher F.E.C. Leuckart as part of their marketing strategy. The publisher’s brochure of September 1902 contained the following information about this new collection: “These twelve pieces, each of which reveals a self-contained atmospheric picture of intense strength, present no great demands on the player’s technique. For a first introduction to Reger’s powerful art, his Monologe are therefore more suitable than almost any of his other works, and for that reason are especially welcome and recommendable.” With this, expectations were naturally raised which Opus 63, in all its parts, could not fulfil, as it contains a few distinctly virtuoso pieces. Reger himself admitted at this time: “I never release anything until I myself have tried it out in practice” (letter to C.F. Peters). On the other hand, he confessed that he had lost any sense of complexity or degree of difficulty” (letter to Gustav Beckmann). At any rate, the composer countered the complaints of Constantin Sander, the owner of the publishing house, in both fighting spirit (“[…] these are only things […], so that the likes of us feel really small and never dare to ask for anything decent in the way of royalties!”; letter to Karl Straube), and with trust in the future (“It would indeed be a grievous blow if I returned to the old, well-trodden path! Then I would be a one-day wonder. But I want to become more than this”; letter to Sander).

One pair of works in particular, in the same key, became established in the concert repertoire, the Introduction and Passacaglia in F minor from the second volume (nos. 5 and 6); they also received significant interpretations. When they were performed in 1905 in a recital given by the former Straube pupil Fritz Stein, Hans Deinhardt wrote in the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik: “Herr Stein introduced Reger’s difficult F minor Passacaglia in Heidelberg, a piece whose force shakes, whose out and out tragedy makes for fear and trembling: it is a song of resignation.” Furthermore, he even described the work as a “tone poem”.1 (Review) Two years later, in his study on Reger and Straube, the philologist Gustav Robert-Tornow enthused about the topos of the sublime, and with reference to the Passacaglia reasoned: “It is as if a person has met his fate and his fate has met him. […] In general, the thought – perhaps utopian? – probably crosses the mind that this organ piece is waiting for a second version; a version for organ and orchestra.” 2

2.

Translation by Elizabeth Robinson.


1
Musica sacra, the specialist periodical for Catholic church music, also contained a discussion of the inscrutability of this composition – but with reservations based on Catholic confession. The anonymous reviewer responded to the question “What about the ugly, is it allowed, is it justified?”, already raised polemically several times in Reger’s large-scale organ works by stating: “‘It is allowed if it is justified’. Applied to Reger’s Monologe, and with regard to the King of instruments, which is destined to portray the beautiful, the sublime, the sacred, the shocking, the moving, but not the ugly in the church, the conflict of a human being struggling in vain for redemption and peace both publicly and subjectively, we maintain that this opus 63 is not justified in the church.” (Review)
2
Max Reger und Karl Straube, Göttingen 1907, p. 8f.

1. Stemma

Die in Klammern gesetzten Quellen sind verschollen.
Die in Klammern gesetzten Quellen sind verschollen.

2.

Der Edition liegt als Leitquelle der Erstdruck zugrunde. Da die autographe Stichvorlage verschollen ist, konnte als weitere Quelle nur der exemplarmäßige Abzug von Heft 3 herangezogen werden, der vermutlich den Stand der noch nicht korrigierten zweiten Korrekturfahne wiedergibt. Deren Abweichungen vom Erstdruck, die Regers Korrekturen indirekt dokumentieren, wurden im Lesartenverzeichnis vermerkt. Die Entwürfe spielten für die Edition keine Rolle.

3. Sources

    Object reference

    Max Reger: Monologe op. 63, in: Reger-Werkausgabe, www.reger-werkausgabe.de/mri_work_00063.html, last check: 13th July 2024.

    Information

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